By:-RAHUL KUMAR MISHRA||27 - Jun - 2020

Nepal was only a Hindu Nation in the World. But it is now a secular country where Marxists are ruling over Nepal with the help of China. Nepal was all weather friend of India. Due to effect of China, Nepal is making its distance from its eternal friend India. Kalapani Issue once again jumped at Global Diplomatic Market. India always supported Nepal whenever needed. China tried its best to sour Relation of India with its neighbours. Now Nepal is a soft prey of China to derail its diplomatic and cultural relation with India. Relation between India and Nepal was at the time of Lord Shiva and Rama. India and Nepal were natural partner for each other.

After independence of India, Nepal sought a strong relation and connection with India. At that time, Nepal was not a democratic country. There was King’s Government. Both Nations agreed with special friendship. Indo-Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship 1950 was designed and applied after signing by the Leader of Both Nations. According to Treaty, Nepalese Nationals were allowed equal economic and educational facilities like Indian Citizens in India. Nepal gave special preference to Indians in Nepal for business opportunities. Border of Both Nations were opened without Visa and Passport. Indian Nationals were not permitted to purchase land and properties and to work in Institutions of Nepalese Government, but Indian Government allowed Nepalese Citizens to work in Institutions in Indian Government except Central and State Civil Services. Rana Dynasty was ruling over Nepal and they feared to Communist Government of China. That is why, Nepal gave many facilities to India. The Nepalese Citizenship Act 1952 granted to Indians for Citizenship. Dominancy of India was grown up in Internal and External Policies of Nepal. Royal Family was Nepal worried a lot. In 1960, India and Nepal were divided on the issue of Israel and Palestine. India supported Palestine while Nepal gave their vote to Israel. After loss of Indo-China War in 1962, Nepal sighed and wanted willingly several concessions in Trade and Business. Both Nations cracked a deal by which India would give Trade and Concession to Nepal but took total right to sell weapons to Nepal. In 1969, Nepal looked daggers to India for existing security arrangement and told to leave security check posts. But it was against 1950 Treaty.

After that Tension between India and China came into limelight in 1975 when India annexed Sikkim. Nepal was against annexation of Sikkim in India. King of Nepal Birendra Bir Vikram Shah Dev proposed ZONE OF PEACE for Sikkim. Military Competition was let off. Nepal found support international support from China and Pakistan, but not from India. Sikkim Issue was continued by 1990 when Nepal was supported by France, United Kingdom, and United States.

Prime Minister of India Moraraji Desai agreed to separate trade and transit pact. It was long term demand of Nepalese Government. India gave a shelter to Opposition Parties of Nepal to use Indian Land for launching agitation against Nepalese Government and also refused to adopt Nepal as a ZONE OF PEACE. After that India and Nepal locked horn in 1988 when India asserted that Transit Treaty was affecting Trade Treaty. But Nepal was firmly determined that As per Unites Nations Charter, No Country could block the movement of People whose country was land-locked. It was very tough situation for both country. India wanted single treaty for trade and transit of people, but Nepal pressurized India to accept separate treaty for trade and transit of people. Finally Treaty of Janata Party Government was expired on 23rd March 1989. Result was that Blockade of Nepal started till April 1990. Nepal had taken an initiative to highlight this issue to World Diplomatic Arena. Nepal doubled its currency value against Indian Currency. Before it, Indian Currency was running without hurdle in Nepal. Indian banned Kolkata Port facilities to send Oil supplies from other nations. In this way, Growth Rate of GDP of Nepal plummeted from 9.7% in 1988 to 1.5% in 1989. It led huge economic loss of Nepal. Without Oil, Other Economic Sectors were kneeling down very fast. Nepal felt too much deficiencies of Energy Goods like Coal, fuel, medicine and spare parts. Nepal within 2 years found itself one of World Poorest Nations. India irked with Nepal for Work Permit to Indians who were living in Nepal and Nepal’s decision to acquire Chinese Weapons in 1988. At last, Nepalese Government bent down and King of Nepal constructed Pro-India Democratic Government in Nepal. Pro-India Political Parties started to rule over the Nepal and restored peace with India. India also removed all sanctions on Nepal. Royal Family of Nepal always created more hurdle for India. But Opposition of Nepal always supported India by 1990. Indian Prime Minister V P Singh and Nepalese pm Krishna Prasad Bhatarai met in Delhi and 13 months blockade was ended. After that, in 1991 Nepalese PM Girija Prasad Koirala visited India and signed Separate trade and transit treaties along with economic agreements for additional benefits to Nepal. In 1995, Nepalese Prime Minister Man Mohan Adhikary came to India to insist India for reviewing India on 1950 Peace and Frienship Treaty. He pressurized India to look into matter of demographic change in Nepal’s Terai region. Nepalese PM Mr. Adhikary wanted more economic independence from India for his land licked Nepal. Although Nepal was trying to improve its relation with China too.

King Gyanendra came in power after massacre in Royal Palace in 2005. Citizenship Bill 2006 was passed by Nepalese Parliament. About 400000 stateless immigrants got Nepalese Citizenship. India welcomed this step of Nepal. But a section of people did not sigh relief at that time because Relation between India and China was not in good shaping. This was time when Communism dominated in Nepal with Chinese Ideology. In 2008, Communist Leader Pushpa dahal Prachanda became Prime Minister of Nepal and went to China his first foreign trip. He broke tradition that newly elected Leader in NEPAL came to India as first state visit. India and Nepal both agreed to control water of River Kosi during Mansoon by which State of India Bihar faced flood every year. Reconstruction of Dam on River Kosi was planned when water level would go down. In 2010, India gave support to Nepal with US$50 Million and 80000 tonnes of foodgrains. Discussion on Water Resources was set three tier meeting with Ministerial, Secretary, and Technical Team. The then Foreign Minister of India Pranab Mukherjee played very important role for such positive environment. But continuously increasing impact of Communism in domestic politics of Nepal irked India. This Communism belonged to China. It was the main concern of India. Nepal started to strengthen its relation with China. August 2014, Newly Elected Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi visited Nepal to defuse Chinese Impact on Nepal and provide US$1 Billion credit to Nepal. But Chinese Influence grew fast when K P Sharma Oli elected Prime Minister of Nepal with Chinese Communist Ideology. In 2017, shooting took place on disputed territory between India and Nepal. It was tri-junction of India, China, and Nepal. That is called KALAPANI. Disputed Area is 400km2 from western Nepal and Susta 140km2 in South Nepal. Nepal claims that River to the West of Kalapani is the main Kali River so this area belongs to Nepal. While India says that river of west Kalapani is not main river and ridge of OM PARVAT to the east of the river, it is boundary between two nations. Border Dispute occurred in 1997 when Nepalese Parliament wanted a treaty on hydro-electric development of the river. At that time, both nations differed which stream of River KALI constitutes main source of river. Nepal believed 1856 map of British India but India controlled KALAPANI since 1962 after Indo-China war. In 2015, Nepal objected India to trade through LIPULEKH PASS in disputed KALAPANI AREA. Nepal told India not to engage disputed territory and to withdraw its army from that area.

At present, India is largest trade partner. During 2017-18, Exports of Nepal to India were about US$446.5 Million and Imports from India were about US$7.7 Billion. Main Imports of Nepal from India are petroleum products with 28.6%, motor vehicles and spare parts with 7.8%, M S Billet with 7%, medicines with 3.7%, other machinery and spares with 3.4%, etc. Export of Nepal to India are mainly jute goods with 9.2%, zinc sheet with 8.9%, textiles with 8.6%, threads with 7.7%, polyester yarn with 6%, etc. If relation between India and Nepal would be strain, there are a lot of negative impacts on Nepal. Blockade during 1989-90 was very horrible for Nepal. Nepal has struck itself with China. While policy of China towards poor nation like Nepal to provide economical assist. When it rises high, earns for China, not for Nepal. China struck many poor nations with such trickster policy. So Nepal must have caution about such nature of China.


Comments Added Successfully!

Good Article

Shobhit Sharma

Nepal is going to destroy itself.

Vishwas yadav

Bahut achchha, Rahul jee, carry on

Anand Sheharawat

हमेशा की तरह एक बेहतरीन आर्टिकल जो महत्वपूर्ण मुद्दों को उजागर कर रही है।

Nepal is not our sibling. It is acting like an enemy.

Pawan Dayma

Bahut hi achha , guru

Pradeep Sharma

Good writing with facts.

Komal Duaa

good article